How to Identify Revolutionary War Musket Balls

Archaeologists have uncovered dozens of musket balls and the remains of amputated human limbs — which were likely sawed off without anesthesia — at the field hospital that serviced the British forces and their allies at the Battle of Waterloo, a fierce campaign that ended Napoleon Bonaparte’s military career just over years ago. At the Battle of Waterloo, the British and Prussian armies defeated Napoleon’s forces at the town of Waterloo, in what is now modern-day Belgium. At the time, Waterloo was part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. Napoleon’s defeat led to the end of the Napoleonic Wars, which lasted from to The dig is the first excavation on record of the spot, known as Mont-Saint-Jean field hospital, according to The Guardian. About 6, wounded men passed through the hospital during the battle, which raged on June 18, Musket balls found by the archaeologists are believed to have come from a previously unknown battle that boiled over near the farm where the hospital was set up. The excavation had already yielded big finds. Last week, in just half a day, the group found 58 musket balls in a cornfield, and they have since found dozens more with metal detectors, according to Waterloo Uncovered’s blog. They also found a possible foot, an arm and three lower leg bones — the remains of limbs that had been sliced off during field amputations.

Bothwell, Hamilton Road

Field walking and metal detector survey of the Boat Field and adjacent field to west at High Woods. The fields were ploughed prior to trees being planted. The field walking produced a quantity of clay pipe and a few sherds of 2nd-4th century Roman sandy greyware and 17th century body sherds of Westerwald stoneware. The metal detecting survey recovered four powder measures, also casting spillage, lead sheet and musket balls of Civil War date.

iron and this would be of a different date and may have been found by Miss Lister In the s these were the kind of bullets that were fired from a musket, the usual a more protestant form of religion than the Church of England provided.

Muskets first made an appearance in 16th century Europe and spelled the end of heavy plate armour. A common metal-detecting find, It’s almost impossible to date musket balls, but the weapon became common by the 18th century, finally being replaced by repeating riles in the 19th century. It is likely that this musket ball is in the region of – years old. The ship was built in Kent in to trade with India and China.

In fact, the Wordsworth family had long-term connections with the East India Company, and the ship’s captain at the time of the wreck was John Wordsworth, the poet’s brother. With over 25 years’ experience in collecting ancient wonders, we source all of our items from well known specialist dealers, antiquities auction houses and private collections – never from a certain well-known online auction site! With this in mind, Timeless Galleries undertakes a rigorous process to ensure that everything we offer for sale is authentic and genuine:.

A Metal Detecting Survey of Beauly Fields

Musket balls are one of the earliest forms of bullets that are fired from muskets and rifles. Archaeologists and metal-detecting enthusiasts have discovered them all over the world. In the U. These early bullets typically were made of lead or lead-tin alloys, following this standard process: The lead is melted and poured into a two-part mold, down a channel in the mold called a sprue.

Description: Four lead musket balls dating to around the 17th century. Musket balls, s. Current Location. On Display at M Shed, Bristol.

This guide covers a variety of types of shot or ammunition, including cannon balls, musket balls and bullets. Most of the shot recorded by the PAS is from small arms, and so this guide concentrates on these. A short separate section on artillery shot cannon balls can be found below. The best one for our purposes is SHOT, so please use this in the Object Type field for all types of projectile, whether from small arms or artillery.

Although most ammunition from small arms is under 25mm in diameter and under 60g in weight, there is a continuum of sizes right up to large cannon balls of perhaps 4 to 6 inches mm in diameter and several kilos in weight. Because there are so many terms for shot, some associated items are also hard to name and to search for. The nomenclature of ammunition is difficult.

Feel free to use both terms in the Description field, where they will help in searching. The weight is vital, as this gives you the size of the shot the bore or the calibre and therefore a good chance at identifying the weapon that it came from. The maximum diameter of spherical shot should represent the intended size of the bullet, but may be less reliable than the weight. It can also be useful to record a minimum diameter, which can help to assess the damage caused to the bullet either through impact or for multi-ball loads or case shot through flattening while firing.

Battle of Worcester artefacts unearthed for first time

Musket balls are the types of projectiles that are fired from muskets. Before they were loaded down the muzzle , they were usually wrapped in paper or cloth , to keep excess gas behind the barrel. They were usually made of lead. Musket balls were made by pouring molten lead into a musket ball mould and trimming off surplus lead once it had cooled. At times stone musket balls were used. The lead musket balls expanded upon entering a body, often causing a large exit wound.

but not exclusively manufactured in lead, including ball, slug, case-shot and hail-​shot. In which they were intended, such as musket or pistol. The lead bullet was cavalry and dragoons during the Civil War in England. It was also There are other distorted bullets that appear in very small numbers but their date, purpose.

Forum Rules. Advertise Here! What is it? What Is It? The Best Of How do we date musket balls?

The Collection

The finds have been made in gardens in the Lutterworth area over the last 40 years. Cannon balls, human toe bones, rifle flints and musket balls have been unearthed in gardens in Leicestershire. The finds have been made in gardens in the Lutterworth area over the last 40 years, according to the auctioneers handling the sale of the items for a private owner.

Musket balls are one of the earliest forms of projectiles that were fired Their origins date back to the 15th century, when “handgonnes” were first being used. The British Brown Bess musket had a inch bore but took a.

Sets of 3 musket balls, collected from locations around the English Civil War battle sites. Available in dark wood, oak and black frames External dimensions approx. Musket balls collected for a site close to the Le Haye Sainte farmstead, near the centre of the iconic battlefield. Available in dark wood and oak frames External dimensions approx. We have secured a small range of musket balls and military buttons from two of the most famous battlefield sites of the Crimean War, Balaclava and Sebastopol.

Whilst the war was not successful on either side it has a number of historically significant actions.

Amputated Limbs and Musket Balls Unearthed at Waterloo, 200 Years After Napoleon’s Defeat

Replica English civil war musket balls pack of twelve for living history. Found nr Preston. Skip to main content.

that the distorted shape resulting from the firing process of the musket ball made little British service gunpowder’s were classified as RFG- rifle grained fine, an Old Army Musket dated at yards using grains ( grams) of.

Learn More Accept. RAMM Exhibition. Save current filter Delete filter. Add Cancel. Choose files. OK Cancel. Post-medieval lead musket balls complete with casting sprue probably dating to c c Musket balls were very often made by the owner and cast in crude moulds. This example shows several balls that have been cast and are still attached to the sprue.

The sprue is the part that is where the molten lead is poured.

Part I – Metal Detecting at the Swedish Tavern Site, page 15

Made of soft lead, it was slightly smaller than the intended gun bore, making it easy to load in combat. Designed with two to four grooves and a cone-shaped cavity, it was made to expand under the pressure to increase muzzle velocity. Its design dramatically increased both range and accuracy, which has long been accepted as the reason for the high number of casualties in the Civil War, although some historians today are questioning that because accuracy also depends on the soldier who pulls the trigger and throughout the Civil War, when target practice was minimal, the combatants tended to aim too high.

Prior to the development of this new ammunition and weapons designed to use it, “rifles” were essentially smoothbore muskets with much longer barrels, such as the famed Pennsylvania or Kentucky rifle of the Revolutionary War and War of

Throughout the project artefacts such as musket balls, grapeshot and buttons dating to the mid 18th century have been found in gardens close the core area of​.

Harding notes that casting seams may suggest a 17th century date and misaligned mould blocks were common. Reference: Harding, D. Foresight Books, London. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file.

The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. File information.

Dating musket balls

Eric is a local metal detectorist whose exploits include discovering the Belladrum hoard of Roman coins, among other finds. He has put his email address at the end in case you want to contact him directly. This article is the report of a recent survey in the fields at the back of Beauly, in the angle between Station Road and Croyard Road. It appears to have identified a military firing range, in use throughout the 19th Century, which was previously unknown.

A and B on the map below identify the fields where the finds were made and the red arrow shows an approximate direction of fire on the range throughout its use as explained in the following report:.

Post medieval musket ball, probably 17thth century. FINDSPOT (Unknown date); FINDSPOT (Roman – 43 AD to AD); FINDSPOT (Post Medieval – ​.

These are external links and will open in a new window. Artefacts from the site of the final battle of the English Civil War have been unearthed for the first time. Musket balls, horse harness fittings and belt buckles were found at the Battle of Worcester site in Powick, Worcestershire. Historians have always known the area was the site of the battle, but it is the first time physical evidence has been recovered. Archaeologists were able to explore an area of land close to Powick Church while the Worcester Southern Link Road is being built.

They had hoped to find artefacts as there is shot damage on the church tower, while Powick Bridge was reportedly the location of intense fighting. The 98 finds were buried deep at the bottom of a river valley and covered by flood deposits accumulated over hundreds of years since the battle. They included a powder container cap, which would have been the top of a flask that held gunpowder, and an impacted lead shot – a lead ball fired from a musket.

Archaeologists said different artefacts were found in different areas of the battlefield, reflecting the different types of troops that would have been fighting.

400 Year old Musket Balls – How deadly were they?